Computer Recommendations For Composers
This is an excerpt from the online course The Basics Of Modern Music Production.
If you're mostly into making soundtrack music for games, movies, trailers and so on, it's important that you know how the computer specs need to differ from other music production genres. It's not only about recording audio and slapping on a few synths and samples. Samples are our bread and butter, and we use a lot of them to get a realistic and huge cinematic sound.
I started out making music with a really bad computer (decent at its time) over 12 years ago, and it was a fraction as good as regular computers are today. Over the time, as the computers I've had improved, I noticed a lot more freedom in how I write music – the tools I was composing with became much more usable and the sizes of my projects increased exponentially.
Today, we have tons of options. It's a great time to be living in as a soundtrack music producer.
Soundtrack composers use heavy sample libraries that take up tons of space and performance. Inside your DAW, you might sometimes use up to several hundreds of tracks on projects and templates so you really shouldn't skimp out on your computer specs if you can.
While producers in all the different fields of music work in the same sort of digital environment, you, as a soundtrack composer, need to primarily beefen up on two (three) main things:
Disk storage and speed
You need more RAM because you are working primarily with a lot of heavy, large size sample libraries, that need to have enough space to sit in your random access memory when you're composing. RAM is so important to not skimp out on because you will find when you are working with orchestral samples, the RAM quickly reaches its limits.
I started out on 8GB of RAM when I first started making professional music many years back, and I quickly found out that it was too little. So I upgraded to 16GB and I felt it did so much for how I composed – a great deal of improvement and freedom. You don't need to be as limited in what you load up into your RAM anymore if you have enough space to it - no need to cut corners.
If you really want to have freedom in how much you can load up in your projects, and increase the size of your projects dramatically, you should aim for 32GB - 64GB of RAM. This amount of RAM is just ace and you'll never feel longing for more!
And for the same reason, more disk storage is preferable for soundtrack composers because the sample libraries are so big. Some libraries are over 100GB and when you have tens of libraries, you can quickly reach the size of your hard drive.
You want to have fast drives because you are streaming a lot of samples. Load up times can drastically increase with slow drives. If you are loading up samples with the sampler Play from EWQL, it might take minutes to load up with a mechanical drive, while it can take literally a few seconds with an SSD. The same thing applies to Native Instruments' Kontakt.
The very best and fastest drives are of course SSDs, but they are also more pricy.
If you're on a portable studio, you'd want to get at least USB3 as your connection. Thunderbolt + SSD as external drives is the very best way to go, but it is also among the most expensive ways. I manage fine on my Rugged Mini 2TB USB3 for my portable setup.
The CPU is your processing unit, it is what calculates everything that needs calculating. In music terms, this means all your digital audio processing and program performance. You should not have too slow of a CPU as that might cause a bottleneck in your workflow.
While it isn't as important to max out on as RAM and disk speeds (and storage) because you're not working with super heavy synths, processors and so on (although to some extent you do, but not as much as electronica and EDM producers for example), you will feel an overall boost in performance if you beefen up on the CPU as well. I would recommend getting at least 3GHz quad for stationary as a minimum, and 2.5Ghz quad for laptops. Preferably what I've noticed on computers is that you'd want to have 3.5Ghz for stationary and 2.7Ghz for laptops.
Also, CPU's rarely max out unless you're really putting them under the test such as throwing around algorithmic reverbs left and right in your project. The bottleneck is usually the RAM actually.
So definitely don't skimp out on these three things! They are your priority for music production.
OSx or Windows for music production?
So then, which operating system and computer should you have for music production? The answer is really simple - any one of the two. They are both amazing computer systems, and you will find that half of the top professionals in the music industry are using Mac, and the other half Windows.
I am actually using a PC as my main rig, and while I'm traveling, I have a Macbook Pro. The Macbook Pro is an amazing laptop for music production, and I have not had any issues at all with it – up to the point where I'm sometimes favoring working on the laptop, even when I'm home by my studio.
You can use VST instruments and plugins on both operating systems, the best DAWs out there have both Mac and Windows versions, and they actually have the same things under the hood. I've been an avid fan and user of PC and Windows my entire life, and when I got a Macbook Pro for my portable studio, I found that the more I'm using it, the more I get convinced to get a Mac for my main rig too. But really, both of them are amazing computers and it's all about personal preference and experimenting – you can't go wrong with either one of them.
However, for portable studios, I would highly recommend getting a Macbook Pro. With laptops specifically, Macbook Pros are incredibly solid, powerful, slim and easy to use. Get one with at least 8GB of RAM, 2.2 GHz CPU and 512GB SSD (preferably 16GB RAM because you will fill up 8GB quite fast). I've used Windows laptops as well for portable solutions, but find that Macbook Pro beats them on all corners. But again, it's all about personal preference and experience
What I do
On my main rig, I'm using a stationary PC with:
32GB of RAM
1TB SSD, 2TB HDD
an i7 processor of around 3.4GHz
2 monitor screens
- An SE1000A condenser mic and SM57 dynamic mic with pop filter
A Presonus Audiobox 1818VSL (which is super overkill for most home studio things, but I needed it for a choir recording once, so I kept it as my personal audio interface)
Running Cubase Pro 8.5
16GB of RAM
500GB SSD, 2TB external HDD (LaCie Rugged Mini)
i7 processor, 2.8GHz
Zoom H4n for occasionally plugging in as audio interface
Running Cubase Pro 8.5
My stationary computer setup is a quite powerful home studio that is very good for any music production, and I can produce almost anything on it. I have created full orchestral film and game scores on it, trailer music, and tons more. I use two monitor screens because it allows me to have many more windows open and drag my mixing console to one monitor, and have the sequencer on the other.
You don't need this powerful of a computer, and I prove that by having a less powerful laptop and can pull off almost everything I can on the stationary one. But RAM and SSD storage is very important to have enough of! The processor will decide how much processing and plugins you can run at the same time, so that is also important for more demanding projects.
For the music I do (mainly films/games/trailers/personal soundtrack music), I don't use microphone all that often. I do sing and record my own instruments (such as trumpet and trombone, ethnic percussion, and so on), but 90-99% of my music comes from sample libraries and synthesizers.
And as explained earlier, I am using a Macbook Pro for my travels (currently a mid-2014 15" retina model), and do just fine without an audio interface. All I need is the laptop and a 25 key MIDI keyboard for 95% of my music projects.
Conclusions on the computer
A faster and stronger CPU provides faster computing for programs and plugins such as reverbs.
A faster and bigger HDD or SSD means you can stream samples faster and have a larger storage for programs, samples, etc.
The more RAM you have, the larger your projects can be.
As a soundtrack composer, you shouldn't skimp out on RAM and disk storage because the size of samples is large, especially in the long run.
Choosing between PC or a Mac for your main rig isn't an issue – both are awesome.
- For a portable solution, I'd recommend getting a Macbook Pro with 16GB of RAM, 512GB of SSD and at least 2.2 GHz CPU.
All you really need is actually the computer. I mean, you don’t have to get a MIDI keyboard or an external sound card (even if I would highly recommend, even urge you to get a MIDI keyboard) to get started writing music digitally. All you need is a computer and some way to hear what’s coming out of it. But to be efficient, have fun and really get that music flowing, having a MIDI keyboard will be invaluable - and an external sound card for some better audio drivers and input for microphones, guitar cables, and so on.
QUICK EXTRA TIP!
If you do get an SSD in your storage, which I indisputably recommend (if it’s in your budget), be sure to install the most important software on it. This includes your OS, your DAW, and other programs that you need to function fast and efficiently. You can also put important and often-used samples on it for fast streaming.
Until next time, guys!
This has been an excerpt from the course The Basics Of Modern Music Production.
The Basics Of Modern Music Production
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Co-founder of Evenant, Walid is a composer, mechanical engineer,
concept artist and entrepreneur from Sweden. Travelling and exploring new opportunities, always looking for new things to learn and create.